What Is the Plot of a Story? Unraveling the Secrets for Writers

Relay Publishing
8 min readDec 7, 2023

You might have experienced that frustrating moment when you have a brilliant idea for a story, but when it comes to turning that idea into a well-structured, engaging plot, you find yourself staring at a blank page, unsure of where to begin.

In this post, we’re going to take a deep dive into the art of plotting, breaking down its components, and providing you with valuable tips and insights to help you create a story that’ll capture your readers’ hearts and minds.

Before we dive in, let’s take a moment to appreciate the importance of a solid plot in storytelling. The plot is the backbone of your story, the glue that holds everything together.

It’s the series of events and conflicts that propel your characters through their journeys, shaping their growth and development along the way.

Without a well-crafted plot, your story runs the risk of becoming a disjointed mess that leaves readers disinterested or confused.

But here’s the good news: mastering the art of plotting is something that’s well within your reach.

With a little guidance, practice, and persistence, you’ll be on your way to creating stories that will keep your readers hooked from the first page to the last.

In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about plotting, from breaking down its key components to offering practical advice on how to develop a strong plot that resonates with your readers.

We’ll also share tips and tricks on creating a satisfying story structure, developing memorable characters, and maintaining tension and pacing throughout your narrative.

By the end of this post, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge and tools you need to bring your stories to life and captivate your readers. Let’s get started!

Definition and Components of a Plot

Let’s dive a little deeper into what a plot is. A plot is the organized sequence of events that make up your story, where each event affects the next, ultimately leading to a climactic turning point and resolution.

The plot is like the story’s skeleton, providing structure and coherence. To help you better understand plot structure, let’s take a closer look at its five main components:

1. Exposition

In the exposition, you lay the groundwork for your story. You introduce your characters, setting, and any necessary background information.

Think of it as setting the stage for the story to unfold. Now, it’s important to strike a balance here: provide enough context to help your readers understand the world you’ve created but don’t overwhelm them with too much information.

2. Rising action

This is where the magic happens. As you build tension and suspense, you’ll throw conflicts and obstacles at your characters.

These challenges push your characters to grow, adapt, and make choices that shape the story’s direction. The rising action keeps readers glued to the page, eager to know what happens next.

3. Climax

The climax is the high point of your story, where everything comes to a head. It’s the big showdown between your protagonist and antagonist, or the moment of truth for your main character.

This is the most emotionally charged and dramatic part of your story, so make sure it packs a punch!

4. Falling action

After the climax, the story starts to wind down. Loose ends are tied up, and your characters deal with the aftermath of the climactic events.

This part of your plot is crucial for providing closure and helping your readers process the story’s events.

5. Resolution

The story now comes to a close and the characters’ arcs are completed.

This is where you give your readers a satisfying ending (or a cliffhanger, if you’re feeling mischievous).

In either case, make sure the resolution addresses the story’s main conflicts and leaves your readers with a sense of completion.

Developing a Strong Plot

Now that you have a deeper understanding of what a plot is and its key components, let’s delve into how to craft one that’ll have readers begging for more.

Identifying the central conflict

Every good story needs conflict. It’s what drives the plot forward and keeps things interesting. Conflicts can be internal (a character’s personal struggles) or external (a battle against an opposing force.)

Decide what type of conflict is at the heart of your story and build your plot around it. Explore various sources of conflict, such as relationships, societal norms, or the natural world, to find the one that best fits your story.

Creating compelling characters

Your characters are the ones who’ll bring your plot to life, so it’s essential to make them well-rounded and engaging.

Develop a protagonist and antagonist with clear goals, motivations, and unique qualities that make them stand out.

Flesh out secondary characters, too, as they can enrich the story and provide additional layers of conflict.

Also, consider whether your characters are dynamic (they change throughout the story) or static (they stay the same). A mix of both can add depth and nuance to your narrative.

Crafting an engaging story structure

There are various story structures you can use to shape your plot, like the classic three-act structure or the hero’s journey.

Familiarize yourself with different narrative structures and choose the one that best suits your story.

Keep in mind that you don’t have to stick rigidly to a predetermined structure; feel free to adapt and modify it to fit your unique vision.

Using subplots to enrich the main plot

Subplots are smaller storylines that run alongside your main plot adding depth and complexity to your story.

They can be used to develop characters, explore themes, or create tension. Just make sure they tie back to your main plot and don’t distract from it.

When integrating subplots, think about how they can complement or contrast with the main storyline, providing additional layers of meaning and resonance.

Tips for Creating an Effective Plot

Alright, you’ve got the basics down, but how do you make your plot truly stand out? Here are some tips to help you create a plot that’ll keep readers enthralled:

Establish clear goals and motivations for your characters

Your characters need a reason to act, something that propels them forward. Make sure their goals and motivations are clear, relatable, and emotionally engaging.

These driving forces should be deeply rooted in your characters’ personalities and backgrounds, making their actions feel authentic and believable.

Maintain tension and pacing

Keep readers on the edge of their seats by maintaining a steady pace and a healthy dose of tension throughout your story. This can be achieved through a mix of action, dialogue, and character development.

Pay attention to the ebb and flow of your narrative, ensuring that moments of high tension are balanced with quieter, more reflective scenes.

Ensure consistency and continuity

Double-check that your plot is consistent and follows a logical progression. Keep track of your characters, events, and timelines to avoid any plot holes or inconsistencies that could leave readers confused.

Create a detailed outline or a story bible to help you keep everything organized and ensure that all the pieces of your plot fit together seamlessly.

Balance predictability and surprise

While it’s important to follow some storytelling conventions, don’t be afraid to throw in a few surprises or plot twists. Just make sure they’re well-earned and not thrown in solely for shock value.

Readers appreciate being challenged and surprised, but they also want a sense of coherence and satisfaction.

Striking the right balance between the familiar and the unexpected will keep your readers engaged and eager to see where your story goes.

Revision and Editing

So, you’ve drafted your plot, but your work isn’t over yet. Revising and editing are crucial to making your plot shine. Here are some strategies for evaluating and improving your plot:

Get feedback from others

Share your work with beta readers, writing groups, or friends and family. Ask for honest feedback on your plot, characters, and pacing.

Be open to constructive criticism, and don’t be afraid to make changes based on the feedback you receive.

Having fresh eyes on your work can reveal issues you might have missed and provide valuable insights to help you refine your plot.

Analyze your plot for pacing, structure, and character development

Take a step back and look at your plot objectively. Is the pacing consistent? Does the structure work for your story? Are your characters well-developed?

Identify any areas that need improvement and revise accordingly. Don’t be afraid to make big changes if necessary — sometimes, the most effective revisions involve reworking entire sections of your plot or rethinking key character arcs.

Polish your language and style

Once you’re satisfied with the structure and content of your plot, it’s time to focus on the finer details. Carefully proofread your work, checking for grammar, punctuation, and spelling errors.

Also, pay attention to your writing style, ensuring that it’s consistent, engaging, and appropriate for your intended audience.

Make sure your word choice, sentence structure, and tone contribute to the overall atmosphere and mood of your story.

Remember, your writing style is an essential tool for immersing readers in your narrative world.

Take a break and revisit your work with fresh eyes

After working on your plot for an extended period, it’s essential to take a break and let your mind rest. This will allow you to return to your work with fresh eyes and a renewed perspective.

When you come back to your plot, you may notice things you missed before, or you might have new ideas for how to improve it.

Giving yourself some distance from your work can help you approach it more objectively and make more effective revisions.

Don’t be afraid to revise multiple times

Writing is a process, and it’s rare for a plot to be perfect on the first draft. Be prepared to revise your work multiple times, making adjustments and refining your plot until it’s the best it can be.

This process may take time and effort, but the result will be a more polished, engaging, and satisfying story for your readers.

Next Steps

We’ve covered a lot of ground in this post, from understanding the definition and components of a plot to exploring various strategies for developing and refining your own unique plots. But remember, writing is a learning journey.

As you embark on your own writing adventures, don’t be afraid to experiment with different techniques and approaches to plotting. Each writer’s process is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another.

Embrace your individuality, and don’t be afraid to make mistakes — that’s how we grow as writers.

Be prepared to revise, rewrite, and rework your plots until they shine. Seek feedback from others, learn from your experiences, and keep pushing yourself to improve.

Lastly, always remember that writing should be a joyous and fulfilling pursuit. Embrace the process, cherish the moments of inspiration, and enjoy the satisfaction of seeing your stories come to life on the page. Stay curious, stay passionate, and never stop learning!

Harry Wallett is the Founder and Managing Director of Relay Publishing. Combining his entrepreneurial background with a love of great stories, Harry founded Relay in 2013 as a fresh way to create books and for writers to earn a living from their work. Since then, Relay has sold 3+ million copies and worked with 100s of writers on bestselling titles such as Defending Innocence, The Alveria Dragon Akademy Series and Rancher’s Family Christmas. Harry oversees the creative direction of the company, and works to develop a supportive collaborative environment for the Relay team to thrive within in order to fulfill our mission to create unputdownable books.

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Find out more about us, and get in touch. We can’t wait to hear from you!

Republished with permission from Relay Publishing



Relay Publishing

Relay has founded a collaborative environment for literary creatives to exercise their skillset and develop their craft across a multitude of fiction genres.